Saturday, February 13, 2016

Polish Glass-Makers - Rockingham Co. VA Wills, Estates, Tax Digests #genealogy #virginiapioneers

Virginia Pioneers

Rockingham County Genealogy, Wills, Estates, Tax Digests


Massanutten Mountain

Rockingham County was established in 1778 from Augusta County. Harrisonburg was named as the county seat. The county is named for Charles Watson-Wentworth, 2nd Marquess of Rockingham, a British statesman (1730-1782). He was Prime Minister of Great Britain twice, and a keen supporter of constitutional rights for the colonists. During his first term, repealed the Stamp Act of 1765, reducing the tax burden on the colonies. Appointed again in 1782, upon taking office, he backed the claim for the independence of the Thirteen Colonies, initiating an end to British involvement in the American Revolutionary War. However, he died after only 14 weeks in office. Rockingham County is the birthplace of Thomas Lincoln, the father of Abraham Lincoln.

Rockingham County Wills, Estates, Marriages available to members of Virginia Pioneers

Miscellaneous

Cabell, Joseph, LWT (transcript)

Tax Records

1857-1863; 1865 Tax Digests

Digital images of Wills 1803 to 1806
Testators: Baker, Michael | Bright, Peter | Davis, Robert | Eben, Andrew | Eversole, Jacob | Fuls, John | Fulton, Elizabeth | Harrison, Hanna | Harrison, John | Helfrey, John | Henton, John | Hord, James | Houer, Christopher | Kite, William | Kool, Philip | Lagman, Michael | Lard, James | Lipe, Peter | Mefferd, Garper | Moore, Reuben | Pence, Catherine | Rode, Anthony | Speers, George | Tuteweler, Leonard | Williamson, Thomas | Wilmer, Jacob


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Jeannette Holland AustinPolish Glassmakers
By Jeannette Holland Austin

The first settlers sent to Virginia by the London Company thought that the abundance of trees necessary to fire pits to make glass was an advantage. During 1608, when a number of tradesmen arrived in the second supply ship, they were accompanied by Dutch and Poles. Their purpose was to make a trial of glass-making. Subsequently, a glass-house was erected about a mile from Jamestown. Capt. Smith supervised the operation and sent a cargo of specimans of glass to England. In 1621, the Virginia Company of London entered into a contract with Captain William Norton who had decided to emigrate with his family. The terms were that he was to carry over with him four Italians skilled in glass-making along with two servants. The expense of transporting six persons was to be borne by Norton.

glassmaking<

As a reward, he was to receive one-fifth of the moiety of the product reserved for the Company and was to be allowed four acres of public land. He had to agree not to retain any beeds to exchange in trade with the local Indians. This contract was later reconsidered at a Quarter Court. The Company was in no condition to undergo the heavy charge of supplying eleven persons with apparel, tools, victuals and other necessities. They decided to resolve the matter by the Company granting 50 acres of land for every person sent over by private adventurers. Captain Norton succeeded in erecting a glass furnace, but unfortunately died. Treasurer Sandys was appointed to take his place, found it difficult to obtain the proper amount of sand, so sent a shallop to the Falls for a supply. However, nothing adaptable was found. But more the problem was the poor relationship with Sandys had with the Italian workmen. Sandys, in the violence of his anger and disgust, said "that a more damned crew hell never vomited". The Italians, anxious to return to Europe, deliberately proceeded slowly in their work, and cracked the furnace as well by striking it with a crowbar. Source: Works of Capt. John Smith, p. 441; Muster of the Inhabitants of Virginia, 1624-5; Hoteen's Original List of Emigrants, 1600-1700, p. 235.



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